How much range is your electric vehicle losing every year? Know here

  • Several factors define the longevity of a battery, defining the range and performance capacity of any EV.
Frequent charging can impact battery performance and longevity adversely. (Reuters)
Frequent charging can impact battery performance and longevity adversely.

Electric vehicles have been already proven to have a substantial amount of lower cost of ownership compared to their ICE counterparts. Despite some challenges like range anxiety, high upfront cost, lack of public charging infrastructure and lack of options; electric vehicles are finding an increasing number of takers. In India, the last few years have witnessed a significant surge in demand for EVs, especially driven by electric two-wheelers.

Also Read : Tesla CEO Elon Musk becomes a professor for Volkswagen executives

One of the major concerns of consumers involving electric vehicles is the range of batteries. The average range of electric two-wheelers in India offers around 70 km on a single charge, while electric passenger vehicles offer around 200 plus on a single charge. However, the number is not constant throughout the lifecycle of the electric vehicle.

EV batteries don't guarantee umpteen times of use. They come with a certain lifecycle period, just like the internal combustion engines. Like the ICEs and mobile phone batteries, rechargeable lithium-ion EV batteries and motors too degrade with time, which impacts the performance and range of electric vehicle powertrains.

There are multiple reasons behind that. The rechargeable EV batteries lose their capacity and range on offer with time, depending on the factors such as charging habits, the chemical makeup of the battery cells etc.

1

Time

Unlike the fuel efficiency offered by internal combustion engines, operational tenure typically takes a toll on batteries. The degradation of the battery starts right from the moment it starts being used. The older the batteries are severe the degradation is. Liquid-cooled and new generation EV batteries come with a lower percentage of degradation, thanks to the new thermal management system and new technologies.

2

Temperature

Temperature plays a key role in battery performance. Colder temperatures can slow down an electric vehicle's charging rate and temporarily reduce the range as well. Warm temperatures on the other hand can be beneficial for rapid battery charging. However, prolonged exposure to hot and humid conditions can damage the battery cells impacting performance and range.

3

Charging habit

Charging habit is a key factor to influence the battery longevity, performance and range as well.  Frequent charging, completely draining out the battery regularly, fast charging impact the battery adversely.

4

Fast charging

Fast charging technology might be very alluring for EV owners, but it actually fries the battery with an increased thermal load that damages the battery cells. This eventually reduces the performance and range capacity of any EV battery significantly.

Also check these Cars

Find more Cars
Mg 4 Ev (HT Auto photo)
UPCOMING
BatteryCapacity Icon64kWh Range Icon350 km
₹ 30 - 32 Lakhs
Alert Me When Launched
Tata Sierra Ev (HT Auto photo)
UPCOMING
BatteryCapacity Icon69 kWh Range Icon420 Km
₹ 25 - 30 Lakhs
Alert Me When Launched
Tata Harrier Ev (HT Auto photo)
UPCOMING
BatteryCapacity Icon50 kWh Range Icon400 Km
₹ 22 - 25 Lakhs
Alert Me When Launched
Honda Elevate Ev (HT Auto photo)
UPCOMING
₹ 18 Lakhs
Alert Me When Launched
Tata Punch Ev (HT Auto photo)
BatteryCapacity Icon35 Kwh Range Icon421 km
₹ 10.99 - 15.49 Lakhs
Compare
View Offers
Mg Comet Ev (HT Auto photo)
BatteryCapacity Icon17.3 kWh Range Icon230 km
₹ 7.98 - 9.98 Lakhs
Compare
View Offers
First Published Date: 17 Oct 2021, 16:54 PM IST
NEXT ARTICLE BEGINS

Check Latest Offers

Please provide your details to get Personalized Offers

Choose city
+91 | Choose city
Choose city

Want to get the best price for your existing car?

Powered by: Spinny Logo
By clicking "View Offers" you Agree to our Terms and Privacy Policy
Dear Name

Please verify your mobile number.

+91 | Choose city
Couldn't verify the OTP.
It's either expired or it's incorrect.