Volkswagen AG pulled well ahead of Tesla Inc. in battery-electric vehicle sales last year as Europe’s incumbent carmakers rose to the challenge from Elon Musk’s Model 3.
The German giant sold 49,704 fully electric autos across Europe in December, almost double Tesla’s registrations in the region, according to market researcher Jato Dynamics. VW’s new ID.3 beat the Model 3 and was the second best-selling car overall for the month.
In a year when Tesla was one one of the world’s hottest stocks and surpassed VW and Toyota Motor Corp. to become the most valuable automaker, its registrations across Europe fell 12%, according to Jato. Pressure to meet tougher carbon-dioxide emissions standards motivated established automakers as much as keeping up with Musk, who boosted global deliveries by opening a plant in China and rolling out the new Model Y.
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“Tesla’s big push with Model 3 in 2019 has reached a peak at the same time its rivals took off," Felipe Munoz, Jato’s senior analyst, wrote in an email. “We can say that 2019 was Tesla’s year, and 2020 was the European EV’s year."
VW Chief Executive Officer Herbert Diess goaded Musk earlier this month by writing in his debut post on Twitter that he was coming for Tesla’s market share. While the ID.3 has gotten off to a strong start, its introduction was postponed for months by software issues. The delay contributed to VW failing to comply with CO2 limits last year and may lead to a fine of more than 100 million euros ($121 million).
Tesla plans to start production at its first factory in Europe later this year. The carmaker began importing Model 3s into the region from its new Shanghai plant toward the end of 2020.
This story has been published from a wire agency feed without modifications to the text.