US presidential polls: How Joe Biden's presidency would impact the auto industry

A central piece of Democratic presidential candidate Joe Biden's bid for the White House is a drastic change in US environmental policy.

Democratic presidential candidate Joe Biden meets workers as he tours the Fiat Chrysler plant in Detroit, Michigan. (File photo) (AFP)
Democratic presidential candidate Joe Biden meets workers as he tours the Fiat Chrysler plant in Detroit, Michigan. (File photo)

Here is a detailed look at Biden proposals that would impact automakers should he defeat Republican President Donald Trump on Tuesday:

Vehicle Emissions

Biden's climate plan includes the promise to reinstate and advance more stringent fuel economy standards that were implemented during the Obama administration but rolled back by Trump.

Under the 2012 Obama rules, automakers had to reduce carbon dioxide emissions for passenger and light-duty vehicles by 3.5% annually from 2017 to 2021 and by 5% per year from 2022 to 2025. California has been allowed to set its own, stricter zero-emissions standards, which are followed by 12 other US states.

Also check these Vehicles

Find more Cars
Tesla Model S (HT Auto photo)
₹70 Lakhs - 1 Cr* *Expected Price
View Details
Tesla Model 3 (HT Auto photo)
₹ 70 - 90 Lakhs* *Expected Price
View Details
Hyundai Kona Electric (HT Auto photo)
₹ 23.79 - 23.98 Lakhs* *Ex-showroom price
Add to compare
Check latest offers
Odysse Electric Odysse Electric Hawk (HT Auto photo)
₹ 73,999 - 98,500**Ex-showroom price
Add to compare
Check latest offers
Add to compare
Add to compare

(Related read: Biden campaign supports domestic EV metal production)

Voicing concerns over the standards' cost to manufacturers, Trump in April finalised rules that lowered year-over-year emissions reductions to 1.5% through 2026. The administration also withdrew California's waiver to set stricter standards, sparking a legal battle and forcing automakers to pick a side in the fight.

Also Read : US states sue Donald Trump over weakened car-mileage standards

Automakers said the policy reversal saved them at least $1 billion in annual compliance costs but left the industry divided.

Ford Motor Co, Honda Motor Co, Volkswagen AG and others reached a compromise with California on emissions requirements, while General Motors Co, Toyota Motor Corp and Fiat Chrysler Automobiles NV sided with Trump in an effort to freeze out California and roll back emissions requirements.

Biden's plan states he will work on fuel economy standards that go beyond those set up under the Obama administration, but has not provided additional details. A June plan by the Democratic-led US House of Representatives proposes reductions of at least 6% per year, starting in 2026.

Electric Vehicles

Biden has promised $400 billion in public investment to transition to clean energy, including advanced battery technology and electric vehicles.

Under Biden's plan, the federal government will support states and local officials to build 500,000 new electric vehicle charging outlets by the end of 2030.

That would mark a significant increase from the United States' current charging infrastructure, which counts 87,600 charging outlets, according to US Energy Department data. The European Union, by comparison, currently has 192,000 charging outlets, according to the European Alternative Fuels Observatory.

Consumer EV Incentives

An attendee wears a Biden Harris 2020 protective mask during a get out the vote campaign event in Edinburg, Texas. (Bloomberg)
An attendee wears a Biden Harris 2020 protective mask during a get out the vote campaign event in Edinburg, Texas. (Bloomberg)

Biden has said he wants to encourage consumers to buy electric cars through tax credits. The US federal government is currently subsidising electric cars with a $7,500 consumer tax break for the first 200,000 vehicles an automaker sells.

So far, only Tesla Inc and General Motors have hit the cap. Subsidies for Tesla finished at the end of 2019, while those for GM ran out on March 31.

Congress at the end of 2019 declined to extend the cap to 600,000 electric vehicles per carmaker.

Biden has said he wants the tax credit to benefit middle-class consumers and prioritise the purchase of vehicles made in America.

That could pose a challenge to some automakers other than Tesla. Ford plans to build many of its future electric vehicles in Mexico and Canada. GM is planning premium-priced electric Cadillac and Hummer models costing more than $100,000.

Biden has also said he wants to set up a "cash for clunkers" rebate program that would encourage Americans to trade their older, polluting cars for new electric vehicles.

That plan could be modelled after a $450 billion program introduced by US Senate Democrats last year, aimed at replacing 63 million gas-powered cars with electric vehicles within 10 years. Under the plan, consumers would receive a rebate of at least $3,000 for trading in their car.

Jobs and Workers

Biden has said his climate plan aims to create 1 million new jobs across the auto industry, from suppliers to manufacturers and infrastructure.

He has also said his policies should benefit union workers and create more unionised jobs.

The United Auto Workers (UAW) union, representing more than 400,000 active members, in April reliably endorsed the Democratic presidential candidate. But nearly a third of UAW members defied their union's recommendation in the 2016 election by voting for Trump. Many auto workers are concerned that a switch to electric vehicles will destroy their jobs.

Trade and China

It is not clear how Biden would wind down the trade war with China, which has restricted the flow of US exports of vehicles and auto parts. The Biden team has said he would "re-evaluate" tariffs on imports of Chinese-made vehicles, parts and materials.

Since those tariffs were levied, prices have risen on materials such as steel and aluminium, while manufacturing jobs have declined, according to the Federal Reserve.

Biden would likely take a multilateral approach with allied countries to blunt China's economic clout through stronger support for the World Trade Organisation (WTO) and enforcement of existing trade rules, according to the Center for Automotive Research.

Biden is also expected to seek membership for the United States in the Trans-Pacific Partnership (TPP).

First Published Date: 31 Oct 2020, 08:05 AM IST
Shopping Bag Shop Now
74% OFF
Microfiber Car Cleaning Soft Brush Ideal as Mop Duster, Washing Brush with Long Handle, Dust Cleaner Car Wash Brush with Handle, Soft Brush Scratch Free, Cleaning Dashboard Curved Design - Grey
Rs. 389 Rs. 1,499
64% OFF
Antson Portable High Power 2 in 1 Car Vacuum Cleaner | USB Rechargeable Wireless Handheld Car Vacuum Cleaner Traveling, Camping Reusable and Sustainable, Portable,Rechargeable Vacuum (2 in 1)
Rs. 699 Rs. 1,939
1% OFF
GOODAIR Clear Car Windshield Enhancer | Classic |12 Tablets
Rs. 295 Rs. 299
SHAYONAM Dent Removal Kit - Powerful Car Dent Repair Kit - Suction Cup Dent Puller Handle Lifter and Dent Repair Puller for Car Body Dent, Glass, Tiles and Mirror (Plastic)
Rs. 399

Please provide your details to get Personalized Offers on

Choose city
+91 | Choose city
Choose city
Choose city
Powered by: Acko Logo
Please be noted that any information provided herein above will be received by Acko General Insurance Limited (“Acko”). By mentioning the above information, you agree to provide these details and information to Acko.
By clicking "View Offers" you Agree to our Terms and Privacy Policy

Dear Name

Please verify your mobile number.

+91 | Choose city
Couldn't verify the OTP.
It's either expired or it's incorrect.