How global chip shortage has hit Japan’s carmakers
Japan’s major automakers have cut production at various factories due to the worsening global semiconductor shortage brought about as chipmakers struggle to meet soaring demand from consumer-electronics companies.
Lockdowns and travel restrictions are prompting housebound shoppers to snap up more phones, game consoles, smart TVs and laptops, which in turn has fuelled demand for the chips used in those devices. That means carmakers from Toyota Motor Corp. to Volkswagen AG are at risk of not getting enough parts to fuel a fledgling recovery in their own industry.
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Here’s the state of play for Japan’s firms:
Toyota said on the morning of January 15 it will halt four production lines at three plants in Japan’s Aichi prefecture due to parts shortages. The lines will resume operation for the afternoon shift, a spokeswoman for the company said.
Toyota said on Jan. 10 that it’s cutting production of its full-size pickup truck Tundra due to the global shortage of semiconductors. The company expects to trim output of its Tundra model manufactured in San Antonio by 40% this month as a result of limited chip supplies.
In China, Toyota halted lines at its factory in Guangzhou on Jan. 11 due to parts shortages. Toyota jointly operates the facility with Guangzhou Automobile Group Co; the plant has produced upward of 300,000 vehicles annually in recent years, including the Camry. The lines resumed operation on the eve of Jan. 12 as the necessary parts were able to be procured, spokeswoman Shino Yamada said.
Honda is seeing the impact of chip shortage in China and is considering cutting production. “We will replace some models and adjust our work shifts when necessary," a Honda spokesperson said January 13. On the same day, Honda again said it would stop production at Swindon from January 18 due to supply issues, and aim to restart on January 22.
In North America, Honda said this week it will reduce production of the Accord, Civic and Insight sedans, as well as the Odyssey minivan and Acura RDX, a crossover sports-utility vehicle. Honda will adjust production at its Marysville and East Liberty plants in Ohio, as well as at facilities in Alabama, Indiana and Canada. Honda will cut output by a few thousand units by the end of January, and the adjustment will likely continue, according to the Nikkei, which earlier reported the decreases at Honda North America.
Honda was among the first global automaker to warn of chip shortages, announcing a two-day halt in output at its UK plant on January 5 and 6. Established in 1985, the Swindon facility produces Civic hatchbacks and employed about 2,900 workers as of November. The plant is set to operate until July 2021, when it has been marked for closure, a decision that was announced in 2019.
Production of the compact hatchback Note will be cut by about 8,000 units this month, part of a total output reduction that may exceed 10,000 vehicles and last through March, Nikkan Kogyo reported on January 15. A spokeswoman for Nissan declined to comment on specifics of the production cut.
Nissan said on Jan. 8 that it’s cutting back on production at one of its plants in Japan this month. “A global shortage of semiconductors has affected parts procurement in the auto sector," spokeswoman Azusa Momose said. “As a result of this shortage, the Oppama plant in Japan will adjust production in January, reducing production of the Nissan Note."
Subaru will cut output by a few thousand units each in January at factories in Japan and the US, a spokesperson said January 14. The impact will continue in February, with the carmaker cutting some 30,000 units in Japan and the US, according to the Asahi newspaper. A spokesman said the company isn’t the source of the report.
“We are adjusting production of multiple models in our Gunma and US facilities due to chip-delivery delays," the spokesperson said. “The adjustment started from January 11 for Gunma and from January 8 in the US. We are checking the end dates. Other companies are involved in the delivery delays, so our plan depends on them. The impact on output in February and beyond is unclear."
Subaru is also shutting its main Gunma factory, together with Yajima and Oizumi plants, in Japan for two days starting Friday due to a chip shortage. The carmaker said it is assessing impact on its fiscal 2020 earnings.
Suzuki Motor Corp
There will be an impact on production, but the automaker is still checking details including which models may be impacted, a spokesman said by phone January 12.
Mitsubishi Motors Corp
While Mitsubishi Motors is still checking regarding any impact on output, it hasn’t been forced to adjust its production for the time being due to chip shortages, a spokeswoman for the company said January 12.
Mazda Motor Corp
Mazda is currently examining whether there has been any impact on production, spokesman Naoto Mawatari said by phone January 12.