VW challenges rivals with $66 billion for electric car era
Volkswagen AG will ramp up spending on electric vehicles, automated driving and other new technology by 36% as the world’s largest automaker challenges rivals to keep pace with an aggressive shift into the post-combustion era.
The new five-year budget for investment in hybridization, electric mobility and digitalization totals 60 billion euros ($66 billion), compared with 44 billion euros previously, the Wolfsburg-based manufacturer said Friday. The spending amounts to 12 billion euros a year.
“We are resolutely pressing ahead with the transformation of the Volkswagen Group and focusing our investments on the future of mobility," Chairman Hans Dieter Poetsch said in a statement after the supervisory board approved the plan.
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The sharp increase in spending after just one year reflects the increasing pressure on automakers amid the disruptive technology shift and the strains to meet increasingly stringent pollution regulations. Slowing markets make financing the investment tougher.
“The idea of growing out of problems only grows the problem," Arndt Ellinghorst, a London-based analyst with Evercore ISI, said in a note. VW’s approach is a contrast to “peers who are tightening their belts in light of tougher end markets and increasing variable costs."
Volkswagen lowered its global vehicle delivery forecast last month as demand waned in key markets including China, its biggest sales region. The manufacturer had reduced output plans by 900,000 cars and is prepared to cut further to avoid bloated inventories.
“In light of the worsening economic situation, we are also working on increasing our productivity, our efficiency and our cost base," Chief Executive Officer Herbert Diess said in the statement. “We intend to take advantage of economies of scale and achieve maximum synergies."
Looking ahead, 2020 is shaping up to be “an extremely challenging year," Diess said at a later press conference, adding that VW’s financial targets can still be reached.
These include reaching an operating profit margin of between 6.5% and 7.5% excluding special items and net cash flow of at least 10 billion euros. Diess will host a briefing for analysts and investors on Monday morning.
Volkswagen shares close 1.3% higher in Frankfurt, boosting gains for the year to 31% and valuing the company at 91 billion euros.
The German auto giant has been under pressure since the 2015 emissions-cheating scandal. The aftershocks continued Friday, with the company naming Markus Duesmann as head of the Audi brand. He will replace Bram Schot, who took over following the arrest of Rupert Stadler amid an ongoing German investigation into Audi’s past rigging of diesel-engine software.
Since the diesel crisis, Volkswagen has accelerated its development of electric cars. The spending budget includes a 10% increase in investment for battery-powered vehicles to 33 billion euros.
Tesla Inc. added urgency this week by announcing plans to build a factory on VW’s home turf. Diess welcomed the investment and said Tesla’s speed and agility in developing technology provides a role model for VW.
Through 2029, Volkswagen plans to introduce as many as 75 all-electric models, up from a previous forecast of about 70. The company now expects to produce about 26 million e-vehicles over the next 10 years, compared with an earlier target of 22 million.
German rival Daimler AG warned this week that there’s no quick fix to reviving profit margins while making the costly switch to electric and self-driving cars. The company’s new CEO laid out a plan to cut jobs and cap development spending.
“We will step up the pace again in the coming years with our investments," said Diess. “Hybridization, electrification and digitalization of our fleet are becoming an increasingly important area of focus."
(Updates with CEO comments from eighth paragraph.)
--With assistance from Chiara Remondini.
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